King William County at a Glance

Establishment: By enabling act of Virginia General Assembly effective on April 11, 1702; created from Pamunkey Neck section of King & Queen County (Town of West Point incorporated on July 11, 1870)

Namesake: William III; King of England, Scotland and Ireland from April 11, 1689 to March 19, 1702

Geography: 
Regional Location: western end of the Middle Peninsula of Virginia; approximately 33 miles northeast of City of Richmond
Area: 275.4 square miles, including 270.7 in unincorporated territory and 4.7 in Town of West Point
Shoreline: 135.7 miles
Elevation: sea level to 200 feet
Topography: flat to gently rolling

Natural Resources: 
Major Water Bodies: Mattaponi River forms northern jurisdictional boundary; Pamunkey River forms southern jurisdictional boundary; rivers’ confluence at West Point forms York River
Watersheds: York River and Chesapeake Bay
Commercial Natural Resources: loblolly pine; mixed hardwoods; sand; gravel; and clay

Climate: 
Average January Temperature: 38 degrees
Average July Temperature: 77 degrees
Average Annual Precipitation: 44 inches
Average Annual Snowfall: 14 inches

Government: 
County Seat: King William Court House
Organizational Form of County Government: Traditional; organized and operates pursuant to Virginia statutes
County Governing Body: 5-member Board of Supervisors elected by districts for 4-year terms
Chief County Executive / Administrative Officer: county administrator appointed by Board of Supervisors
Other County Elected Officials: 5-member School Board, Clerk of the Circuit Court, Commissioner of the Revenue, Commonwealth’s Attorney, Sheriff and Treasurer
Virginia House of Delegates Districts: 97th and 98th
Virginia Senate District: 4th
United States Congressional District: 1st

Primary Sources: Community Profile: King William County, Virginia by Dominion Virginia Power, 2000; Demographic Characteristics: 2000, Geographic Area: King William County, Virginia by U.S. Census Bureau; and Tidewater Town: A Pictorial History of West Point, Virginia by Alonzo T. Dill, 1970