The County was formed from King and Queen County in 1702 and named for William of Orange, King of England. Captain John Smith visited the site of present day West Point in 1608 and traded with the native Americans, but nearly 50 years passed before the land was settled. Captain John West obtained a 3,000 acre tract in the eastern tip of the county in 1653 where the Mattaponi and Pamunkey Rivers join to form the York River. In 1658, the Virginia General Assembly enacted the legislation creating the Mattaponi and Pamunkey Reservations, which today are the only Native American reservations in Virginia. At King William Courthouse in 1775, Carter Braxton, a King William resident and signer of the Declaration of Independence, received news of the Battle of Lexington, the first battle of the American Revolutionary War. During the Civil War, Union forces occupied West Point destroying the Glass Island shipyard.
Today, many buildings dating from the early 18th century are still standing in King William County. The Courthouse, built in 1725, is the oldest courthouse in continuous use in the United States.
The population of King William County in 2015 is 16,097. This 21.2% increase from 2000 continues a substantial population growth rate that is projected to continue well into the future.
The county has a civilian labor force of 8,483 and an unemployment rate of 5.2% (2015).
Median Family Income
The median family income in 2010 for King William County was $64,946.
King William County is governed by a five-member Board of Supervisors with a County Administrator overseeing daily operations. The Town of West Point has an eight member council with a Town Manager overseeing daily operations.
The Sheriff’s Office provides all law enforcement with 20 deputies. There is also a State Police office in the county. King William is served by four volunteer Fire Departments and three rescue squads with over 100 members. LiveEvac III, a critical care air ambulance, also serves the county. The Town of West Point has an independent police department that also serves the town.
Television – The Richmond and Hampton Roads areas each have ABC, CBS, NBC, Fox and PBS affiliates, along with several independent stations, all of which are received in King William County. Comcast Cable serves the upper and central portions of the county while Cox Cable serves the Town of West Point.
Telephone – Verizon
Newspapers – Daily Press (morning) Newport News; Richmond Times- Dispatch (morning) Richmond; Tidewater Review (weekly) West Point; Country Courier (biweekly) Aylett, 360 View (biweekly), Manquin.
Radio – Numerous stations received from Richmond, Hampton Roads, Williamsburg and Tappahannock.
Roads – U.S. Primary Route 360 bisects King William County east-west. State Primary Routes 30 (north- south) and 33 (east-west).
Air – Richmond International Airport (34 miles) offers daily flights via a number of carriers and freight service. Commercial flights are also available at Williamsburg/ Newport News International (57 miles). The Middle Peninsula Regional Airport (Mattaponi) offers a 5,000 foot paved, lighted runway, 24-hour fuel farm and a terminal.
Rail – Norfolk Southern
Waterways – Port facilities are available at West Point (17-foot deep channel) , the Port of
Hampton Roads and the Port of Richmond.
Major EmployersCompanyLocationProduct/ServiceEmploymentRock-Tenn CorporationWest PointPaperboard, pulp, paperANestlé Purina Pet CareManquinCat box fillerCFood LionCentral Garage/West PointGroceriesCWest Point VeneerWest PointWood veneerCAylett Sand and GravelAylettConcreteCU.S. Components, Inc.West PointManufacturingCWoody Hogg & AssociatesCentral GarageReal EstateC
Employment Code: A – over 500; B – 200 – 499; C – 100 – 199; D – 50 – 99; E – <50
The county’s school system had an enrollment of 2,252 students in the 2011-12 school year. The system
includes one primary school (K-2), one elementary school (3-5), one middle school (6-8) and one high school (9-12). All schools are fully accredited through the State Board of Education. The Town of West Point operates an independent school system.
Colleges and Universities
Virginia Commonwealth University, the University of Richmond, the College of William and Mary, and Virginia Union University are all within commuting distance. Rappahannock Community College (28 miles) and J. Sargeant Reynolds Community College (32 miles) offer a number of one and two-year programs. Virginia’s Community College system sponsors a training division that tailors course offerings to local industrial needs at state expense.
2014 Local TaxesReal EstateNominal Tax Rate/$100Assessment RatioKing William$0.82100%Machinery & ToolsNominal Tax Rate/$100Effective Tax Rate/$100King William$2.45$0.62AutomobilesValue Used for Tax PurposesTax Rate per $100King WilliamNADA (trade-in)$3.65
Within the Town of West Point, County nominal tax rates are as follows:Real Estate$0.38/$100Personal Property$1.65/$100Machinery & Tools$1.00/$100
Business, Professional, Occupational License (BPOL) TaxType of BusinessTax Rate/$100 Gross ReceiptsRetail sales$0.20Contractors$0.16Financial Services, Real Estate, Professional Services$0.48Repair, Business Services$0.26Wholesalers$0.05
The County has four banks and one credit union, with a total deposit amount of over $6.6 billion. The King William Economic Development Authority offers low-interest, tax-exempt industrial development bonds.
Electricity – Supplied by Dominion Virginia Power; distributed by Dominion Virginia Power and Rappahannock Electric Cooperative.
Water – Central Garage water system service district uses approximately 95,040 gallons per day (gpd). Maximum daily capacity is 180,000 gpd. The Town of West Point has a separate water system that uses approximately 400,000 gpd. Maximum daily capacity is 500,000 gpd. Storage capacity is 600,000 gallons.
Wastewater – Central Garage sanitary wastewater system has a maximum daily treatment capacity of 100,000 gpd. Average daily use is 20,000 gpd. The Town of West Point has a separate sanitary wastewater system. Maximum treatment capacity is 500,000 gpd. Average daily use is 450,000 gpd.
Solid Waste Disposal – The county is a member of the Virginia Peninsula Public Service Authority. There are 4 Convenience Centers, including recycling facilities, throughout the county.
Natural Gas – Natural gas service is supplied to the Manquin and Central Garage area via pipeline.
Recreation – Facilities include the King William Recreational Park, Zoar State Forest, Glass Island Landing and three public boat landings.
Medical – There are three medical clinics, eleven doctors and five dentists practicing in the county.
Library – King William County is a member of the Pamunkey Regional Library. Branch libraries are in Central Garage and West Point.
There are 136 farms in the county averaging 339 acres. Principal crops are corn, soybeans, wheat, barley, cotton and dairy products. Market value of agricultural products sold in 2007 was approximately $16.3 million.